Gurudeva Katha 1997 Lectures Initiations, Mahaprabhu’s Sannyasa-lila, and Glories of Visnupriya - 12 Feb 1997

Initiations, Mahaprabhu’s Sannyasa-lila, and Glories of Visnupriya – 12 Feb 1997

Srila Gurudeva:

Now he has been given the name Dayanidhi Prabhu. [audience shouting: Jaya!]

Srila Gurudeva: Dayanidhi Prabhu, ki [audience shouting Jaya!].

He was one of the associates of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, serving always like Pundarik Vidyanidhi, the guru of Gadadhara Pandit. So Dayanidhi, also sometimes called Doyanidhi, was a very good devotee and associate of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. So he has been given the name Dayanidhi Prabhu. From today you should all call him that, Dayanidhi Prabhu.

Brajanath Prabhu: And Bhakta Greg?

We are calling him Gadadhara Dasa. [audience shouting Jaya!]. Very good name. Gadadhara Prabhu ki [audience shouting Jaya!].

Brajanath Prabhu: And Shawn?

Srila Gurudeva: He has been given the name Sudama. Sudama Prabhu ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. He was the most favorite friend of Krsna in Vraja. There was also a Sudama in Dvaraka Puri. But Krishna loved the Sudama of Dvaraka only, because of his friend in Vraja, who is very near and dear to Krishna.

Brajanath Prabhu: Alison?

Anandini Dasi [audience shouting Jaya!]. Rädhikä herself is Anandini. She gives so much pleasure to Krsna, so she is Anandini. And you are Anandini Devi or Anandini Dasi.

Brajanath Prabhu: Malini?

Oh, very good. Madhuri. Very good name. Name of Srimati Radhika. Madhuri ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. They will call you Madhuri, she is very dear to Rädhikä. One of the good friends of Rädhikä.

Brajanath Prabhu: Caitanya Mala?

Candramukhi Devi ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. Candramukhi means her mouth is even more beautiful then the moon and that is only Srimati Rädhikä. Candramukhi is one of the names of Srimati Rädhikä. We will call you Candramukhi, since you are also so beautiful. [Laughter].

Brajanath Prabhu: Radha Govinda Lila.

Ragalekha Devi ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. Ragalekha is one of the best among the sakhis. Lekha means to be expert in arts. So much. She gave the potrait of Krsna to Srimati Radhika and that is why she is called Ragalekha. Ragalekha ki [audience shouting Jaya!].

Brajanath Prabhu: Narada Rsi?

Oh, Narada Rsi. [Laughter]. He is a very sincere and senior devotee, but he wanted to exchange his fallen guru and to be helped. So I am helping him. And I change his name to Nanda Kishor Prabhu. Nanda Kishor Prabhu ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. Very good. Nanda Kishor is the name of Nanda`s son. Nanda Nandana is called Nanda Kishor, but he is better than Nanda Nandana. Nanda Nandana may be very little, but this Nanda Kishor is always in Kishor age. And he is one of his Dasa’s. Nanda Kishor Dasa Prabhu. Are you happy with this name?

Brajanath Prabhu: One more, Doyal Caitanya?

Srila Gurudeva: Doyal Caitanya Prabhu. Caitanya Dasa is a good name. Caitanya Mahaprabhu himself. So Caitanya Prabhu ki [audience shouting Jaya!]. You are satisfied with this name?


Today is a very auspicious day. The birthday of Srimati Visnupriya Devi. She is the embodiment of prema-bhakti. All the devotees at the time of Caitanya Mahaprabhu liked to honor Vishnupriya Devi. Though she was like an incarnation of Satyabhama of Dvaraka Puri, she has come to gaura-lila in Nadiya, Navadvipa. She is the incarnation of Satyabhama and the first wife of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Laksmi Priya, is the incarnation or manifestation of Rukmini Devi. When Laksmi Priya left this world, she was merged into Visnupriya Devi. Perhaps you know how she was immersed in devotional services.

First Laksmi Priya Devi left this world, while Caitanya Mahaprabhu was preaching in East Bengal. She was feeling so much separation from Caitanya Mahaprabhu, from Nimai Pandit, she could not tolerate and left her body. After that Saci Mata was feeling so much [anguish] that the wife of my son has gone. She wanted that a new wife should come, but equally beautiful to Nimai. He was so beautiful and so qualified. So a girl should be choosen who is very immersed in devotional activities and is very beautiful and has so many qualities.

Saci Mata was going daily to take bath in the Ganges, which was very near. Every day she used to see a very beautiful girl of sixteen or seventeen, who was daily going to the Ganges. She was taking bath at the same time as Saci Mata, with so much honor for Ganges and so much honor for Krsna. After her bath she would worship Krsna there and touch the feet of Saci Mata Devi. Daily she would touch [her feet]. She had so much honor for Saci Devi. In this way they came in contact and Saci Devi thought that, “It would be very good, that this girl is married to my Nimai.”

She expressed this idea to a brahmin named Sanatana, who was a marriage broker. In India they are called Puruhit. Everyone goes to them and tells that their son is to be married or their daughter is to be married and then they help by calculating their rasi, astrological details and everything. And if they match, they will tell the father, mother or guardian and everyone will certainly follow their words. So this Sanatana Prabhu went there. He was like the Gargacarya of Krsna lila. So he went to the father and mother of Visnupriya Devi. They never expected, “The most beautiful and most qualified [groom] in whole of Bengal or India! We will have such a husband for our girl?”

They at once became so glad and accepted this offer and a very close-by date was fixed for marriage. There was a very rich person at this time in Navadvipa town. When he heard that Nimai Pandit is going to be married, he said that, “I will bear the whole expense of the marriage, because he is my siksa-guru.” He had learned some Sanskrit from Caitanya Mahaprabhu during his boyhood training. Now he had become so rich and he said that he will bear the expenses of the whole thing. Such a beautiful marriage party went to marry. It was a very good festival and everything was well done. The very beautiful and qualified Visnupriya Devi came to the house of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When they sat together, they were incomparably beautiful and the whole of Navadvipa came, all ladies and gentlemen came, and blessed them.

Meanwhile, Mahaprabhu went to Gaya and changed all His moods, He was weeping and rolling on the ground, crying “Krsna, Krsna.” He never talked with Visnupriya, but Visnupriya was always serving from far away, by cooking, by giving all the things which are helpful for him, but only that [would happen]. He was not in his right mind, Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he was out of his senses, always bitterly crying. When he returned from Gaya he stopped to teach in the school. His school was stopped. He said that, “I don’t know any meaning of any words in any sutras or any meaning except for Krsna. I see that all words denote Krsna.”

When He saw any bird, He would cry. Krsna always came to His mind. If He saw any cow, He began to weep loudly, remembering Krsna cowherding. If He saw the Ganges, He used to think it is Yamuna flowing. Anything resembling Vrndavan, even flowers, cuckoos, peacocks [would make him think of Vraja]. He used to always cry bitterly for Krsna.

“Where are you Krsna? Otherwise My chest will tear open, I cannot live without You.”

He was changing like this. At night He used to go to Srivas Angana. There He was chanting and remembering and doing kirtan with the bhaktas so much, the whole night. And when He would come into the courtyard of His mother, He would feel separation from Krsna. Sometimes He would remember the cows grazing, sometimes He would remember playing with the gopas or playing with the gopés. So many things.

So Visnupriya has no time to meet and be familiar [with Caitanya Mahaprabhu], talking and all these things. So for three, four years it went on like this and then Caitanya Mahaprabhu made up His mind that, “I must give up everything, My beloved wife, My mother, everything. I should give up, even Navadvipa Dham I should give up. So many friends and scholars and all others. If I am here, I cannot do my things. I cannot sprinkle krsna-premaover the whole world and I cannot taste my three wishes. And I can see here, living here, that the residents of Navadvipa are quarreling with me. They cannot understand My mood. When I am in what mood, they cannot realize.”

One time a new teacher came or some student and Caitanya Mahaprabhu was moving in deep thought of Vraja. At that time He was thinking, that Krsna is such a cheater and He is so naughty. He tells lies, He steals gopis. So at that day He was thinking, “I will have no connection with Krsna, it is better I have connection only with the gopés.”

Because Krsna gives so many problems to the gopés. So He was chanting “gopi, gopi, gopi,”, immersed in vraja-bhava, gopi-bhava.

But that student could not understand this. “Why are you chanting gopi, gopi? Why not Krsna Krsna? Where in sastra it has been written that you should repeat or chant gopi, gopi, gopi?”

Caitanya Mahaprabhu thought that this student is inclined to Krsna, that He is krsna-paksa, and He took a very big stick and ran after that person.

The student said sulkily, “I had to see you. I have come to your home, that is why you are so fierce and going to beat me. I have done nothing against you and still you are doing this? I will go and gather a party of students and attack you and give you a good lesson.”

Caitanya Mahaprabhu thought, “I have come to take all these sufferings from all the jivas and they are making offenses to me. So I should not give them this chance. I came to remove all sufferings and sorrows and engage everyone in Krsna`s service, but now they are going against me. I should give up all these things, the whole of Navadvipa, my wife, my children, my home and everything, so that after some time they will be favorable towards me. And then they will see that all the kings, all the learned persons are coming towards the lotus feet of this Nimai Pandit. Then they will realize he has so many qualities. Now he is in the renounced order. A sannyasi should be seen like Krsna, Narayana. So anyhow they will do pranam to me and then they will be rid of offenses.”

But this was only the artificial and external reason. The main reason was that, “If I am not giving up all these things, how can I taste My three wishes? How can I realize the mood of Radhika? And how can I give the whole world krsna-prema, if I am as a householder, always bound in household duties? I cannot do”, and that is why he made up his mind, “that tomorrow at midnight, I will cross the Yamuna, Ganga and will go to Kotak Nagari and there I will take the renounced order, sannyasa. Then I will go to Vrndavan. I will never be in Navadvipa or anywhere. I will go to that very same Vrndavan where I can meet Krsna.”

This decision was taken so secretly, but anyhow four friends of Mahaprabhu knew it anyhow. That was Nityananda Prabhu, Candrasekhar Acharya, Gadadhara Pandit and anyone else.

In the evening before He was going to take sannyasa, He went to meet all the villagers in Navadvipa, all the learned persons, all the devotees. They were all honoring Him. They were not imagining that today Caitanya Mahaprabhu would give up all these things and take renounced order.

This is nothing to take at suggestion from anyone. It depends on the heart of the devotee. What should I do for Krsna? Whether I should be in this world as a family person or if I should take renounced order. It depends on the strength of heart. If someone has past impressions he can take it.

So Caitanya Mahaprabhu made up His mind very firmly, that tonight, “I should give up the whole world.”

Visnupriya could not imagine, could not know, still she was aware that He has only love for Krsna, while sharing the same home, always feeling separation and separation. Sometimes Mahaprabhu would call “Krsna! Krsna, where are You?” and fall to the ground. But she could not help. She could not take Him in her arms. Only Nityananda Prabhu would sometimes take Him into His arms. Otherwise no one. They were living together, but feeling so much separation. Not talking in day nor night. Morning, evening, nothing. Visnupriya was always thinking, always remembering him, always in the mood of service. Sometimes she began to weep and than mother Saci used to console her.

That final day she was going to take bath in Ganges and got an injury in her feet. Something knocked down and some blood came out. She was thinking, “For twelve years I have gone daily to the Ganges, but never felt like this. Why? Something is wrong.”

When she was bathing, her nosering went into the Ganges. She searched so much, but could not find it. Now she was beating her head, “What I will do?”

She began to weep. Weeping she returned to mother Saci Devi and told all these things and wept, sitting in the lap of Saci Mata. She tried to console her, but could not console. She began to weep herself, Saci Maya. So both were weeping.

When it became night, Nimai Pandit, he was so happy. So happy. He took some garland, he took some betel nut and decorated himself, his beautiful hair and went into the room of Visnupriya Devi when it was about midnight. Today he was so very loving to Visnupriya Devi, she could not believe. “In four years I have not received so much. But today, why?”

Caitanya Mahaprabhu petted her hair with His own hands. He decorated her beautifully and gave some flowers and garlands. Made her so beautiful, gave betel nut and affectionately talking so many things. But she was weeping in her heart, “This is the last day for us. Why is he giving me so much affection? It is very strange. If a flame is about to be extinguished, it would go bright for a moment and then forever be finished.”

We have seen that those persons that are about to die, they are going to lie on their bed, unconscious for two or three days. At last, they call all their relatives and they talk, sometimes. And they think, “Oh, now he has become well”, but after a moment he goes away.

Visnupriya Devi is thinking, “Today I have lost my nose-ring, I had some injury and saw all these things that are not usual. So what will be today of my sindhur? I don’t know anything.”

She was thinking like this, being in the lap of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Nimai Pandit, very closely in His arms. But she was feeling so much suffering. No happiness, nothing. I don’t know what she was thinking, sinking into the ocean of separation.

At once Caitanya Mahaprabhu, as Krsna, called Yogamaya and told her she should go onto the eyes of Visnupriya. Yogamaya became like lakhs and lakhs of quintal, so very heavy. Visnupriya did not want to sleep, but she slept so soundly. Caitanya Mahaprabhu looked towards her one last time, then removed His eyes and began to walk towards door. He saw that mother Saci was standing there like wood, not doing anything. Her tears were dried. Caitanya Mahaprabhu did parikrama and took her foot dust, but no sound came and he left his home forever.

The Ganges was slowly, very gently flowing, but it was a very cold day. The coldest day. Rain was going somewhat. It was very deep at night, midnight. “Where is Krsna?” he yelled and jumped in the river Ganges. He crossed the river, while going about twenty miles from Navadvipa and there he came out of the Ganges and went to one mayavada sannyasi named Kesava Bharati. He was well known to Kesava Bharati. Kesava Bharati used to come to Caitanya Mahaprabhu when He was Nimai Pandit. And he loved this boy so much, who was as a sannyasi.

Keshava Bharati was not a pakka mayavadi sannyasi. He had taken initiation as mayavada sannyasi, but in reality he was a very good devotee. And he gave the mantra of gopi bhava mood. Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked him, “What mantra are you going to give me? I think this mantra”, then told it in his ear and made him his disciple and then took mantra from him.

When the barber came and wanted to shave, he was weeping, weeping, weeping. For the whole day he could not shave, until in the evening at last Caitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Yogamaya, who entered into the barber and then he could shave. Then in the evening Kesava Bharati gave sannyasa mantra to Caitanya Mahaprabhu. As soon as he received that mantra he was crying, “Oh Krsna, where are you? Where are you?”

He started to go to Vrndavan, but Nityananda Prabhu cunningly brought him to Santipur. And after being there, all Navadvipa-vasis, lakhs and lakhs of person and many more from remote villages, came to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu, now in the shape of Krsna Caitanya. Now he had become a sannyasi. His mother came, all came. His mother was weeping so much. Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, “I have made a mistake, done wrong. You have brought me up, but I could not serve. My father has gone, my brother has taken sannyasa. And even myself, I have become a sannyasi. So I could not serve. If you like, I can give up sannyasa and I will want to serve you.”

She began to weep like this, [Srila Gurudeva gestures], with one hand on the new sannyasi boy.

“Don’t break the rules and regulations of the Vedas and Upanisads. If you have taken sannyasa, I want you observe the rules and regulations of sannyasa. But only one thing, I want only one thing, that you should not go very far away to Vrndavan. You can live in Jagannatha Puri, so that sometimes I may go there or will receive information, good news about you from so many devotees that are coming and going.”

Because Jagannatha Puri is not so far away. He told, “Yes”.

She said, “You should be here for three, four days and I will cook and only you will have to take that.”

So she used to cook and give. You know that all the dogs, even all the girls, all the boys, all the ladies and all the gentlemen, they came to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Only one could not come. Who?

Audience: Visnupriya.

What she had done that she could not come? Hm? She knew that, “If I would go, maybe my husband will be offended. So I should not make any problem for him. I can tolerate all these things, but I don’t want to see him unhappy.”

So everyone went there. Can you imagine the mood of Visnupriya at that time? The whole village, Navadvipa town, was vacated. No one was there. Only she was there, weeping and weeping. She cannot come.

Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to Puri. He never returned to Navadvipa. Never meeting was accomplished afterwards with Visnupriya. What was the condition of Visnupriya Devi? Always weeping, feeling separation. She used to chant Hare Krsna name, not Gaura, not Caitanya. Because her husband has told her every time to chant Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare.

She was always feeling separation for Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but remembered that he has told her to always chant Hare Krsna. She was weeping the whole day, especially in the morning, serving Narayana, after Caitanya Mahaprabhu has left, to help Saci Devi. And from morning to midday she was chanting Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare.

She was washing the rice with her tears, taking one grain of rice and again Hare Krsna Hare Krsna. Not using beads or mala or anything. Only counting with rice. Up to midday, however much she could count, she took and washed and it was cooked. Any sak, leaves of vegetables, like phalan sagar or any she would cook or whatever Saci devi had managed for this. Saci devi had given all household duties to Ishan Prabhu. He was serving. Caitanya Mahaprabhu has also ordered him to take care and look after his home and these two ladies. So he was managing everything. It was cooked and it was given to house deity, which was a Narayana Saligrama or adhoksa visnu-tattva.

It had come from generations of the father of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. So it was. After offering, Visnupriya Devi used to give the whole to Saci Maya, who would remember her son and weep. Something she ate and some, very little she gave to Visnupriya Devi. Very little she used to take, only to maintain her life. Nothing else. The whole day chanting and remembering. Some could not see her face, not even her feet, what to speak about her face.

So Narottama Thakur came, Srinivas Acharya came, Shyamanananda Prabhu came, Jiva Goswami came there. They all took darsan of her lotus feet only, not seeing her face, any one of them. She was always crying bitterly. So she is called what? Prema-bhakti svarupini, the embodiment of Krsna-prem. So this the life history of Visnupriya Devi.

She wanted to worship Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Anyhow he managed to give any wooden neem tree Gauranga to her. Anyhow. And she used to worship it. And that deity after five hundred years came into the hands of my Gurudeva and now that same deity is served in our temple at Cuncura. So, Visnupriya Devi, we should try to follow Visnupriya Devi, her method of remembering Krsna. So, today is the birthday of Visnupriya Devi. We pray to her lotus feet that she will bestow mercy, so that we will have some affection and love for Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In the same way [like her]. If you want to be a devotee, thus Krsna will be happy, Mahaprabhu will be happy.

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