Duryodhana was not satisfied with enjoying everything within his kingdom; he wanted to enjoy Draupadī as well.
He also wanted to enjoy Kṛṣṇa’s sister, Subhadrā. Through a crafty ploy, he learned the art of mace fighting from Baladeva Prabhu, keeping Him for some time in Hastināpura. Baladeva Prabhu was so pleased by his service that He said when asked, “I will give you My sister Subhadrā in marriage.”
Kṛṣṇa however, did not agree with this arrangement. He decided to call Arjuna ahead of time to Dvārakā and gave His sister to him by a trick. Then Duryodhana’s anger increased. No matter how many wicked people there are in the world, they will not want to follow any rules or regulations of religious life. They desire that by hook, crook or cheating they will enjoy their senses hoping to pacify their lust. With this intent in mind they cheat others, kill, murder and do anything required. They are ready to do anything even though it is not possible to achieve.
Why not? By performing any act against dharma, the living entities get an appropriate punishment. Duryodhana, Duhsasana and the other hundred brothers always acted against dharma and scriptural injunctions. Kṛṣṇa tried very hard to make them understand that they were following an evil path, but they never accepted His guidance.
Once, Baladeva Prabhu came to Hastināpura with Uddhava to retrieve Kṛṣṇa’s son, Sāmba from captivity.
Sāmba had kidnapped Duryodhana’s daughter Lakṣmaṇā from her svayaṁvara. Greatly angered, the Kauravas attacked Sāmba. Sāmba held them off single-handedly for some time with Lakṣmaṇā at his side, but he was eventually disarmed, and tied up. Then both of them were brought back to Hastināpura.
When this news reached the Yādavas they prepared an attack on the Kauravas, but Baladeva Prabhu pacified them, hoping to avoid a quarrel between the two royal families. He assured them that He would deal with the matter personally.
Upon arriving at the outskirts of Hastināpura, Baladeva Prabhu said to Uddhava, “Please inform Duryodhana of our purpose.”
When Duryodhana heard Uddhava’s words he was enraged. He replied, “Now the shoes are trying to climb upon the head. Oh, they are only Yādavas, and we are Kauravas, the highest kṣatriya line.”
When Baladeva heard this, He began dragging the entire city of Hastinapura towards the river with His plow. Then all the kauravas rushed out and begged forgiveness from Him for their impetuousness.
māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāś caiva kim akurvata sañjaya
Vyasadeva had given Sanjaya divine vision so that he could view the events which were occurring on the battlefield.
At first, Vyasadeva had offered divine vision to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, but he refused the offer saying, “I was born blind. Why would I want to have eyes simply to witness the destruction of my dynasty?”
Thus, Vyasadeva, gave divine vision to Sanjaya and said, “Describe the events of this war to Dhṛtarāṣṭra.”
Now, Dhṛtarāṣṭra is inquiring, “What are my sons, and the sons of Pāṇḍu doing?”
Why is he asking? He knows they had already gone to fight in the battlefield. He had this knowledge, but still had another lingering fear, “What if the Pāṇḍavas change their disposition having gone to the place of dharma and decide to take up the renounced order and retire to the forest? What if they declare their unwillingness to fight and defer their claim to the kingdom to Duryodhana? Then they would remain as a thorn. People will insult us and say things like, ‘The Kauravas did not give the Pandavas anything. They only chased them out disrespectfully.’ Also if this thorn remains, then at some time or another it may be stepped on, meaning they may return to fight us at any time.”
Dhṛtarāṣṭra worried further, “What if my son’s have a change of heart upon going to the place of dharma? What if they say, ‘We are brothers. Let us share the kingdom equally,” or, ‘You are our older brothers. You can become Kings and we will stay as your servants.’?”
Thinking like this, Dhṛtarāṣṭra was burning in the fire of anxiety and doubt. Therefore he asked, “What are my sons doing and what are the sons of Pāṇḍu doing?”
Dhṛtarāṣṭra was not only blind from birth, he was blind with his misdirected affections and his illusory attachment. He had no magnanimity, no conception of dharma and had no religious traits. He also had no tendency to perform dharma, therefore he was truly blind. Had he true vision, he would not have allowed his wicked sons to lead such a sinful hellish life of gross sense enjoyment. He would have imprisoned his sons, punished them and given the Pāṇḍavas the kingdom understanding that they were all devoted to the Lord, religious and well loved by the citizens.
However, he neglected to do this. Therefore he was in all ways, blind.
Thus, while the war was going on Kuntī and Gāndhārī—both mothers, were also sitting and hearing how their sons were fighting each other to the death.
The greatest fight in this world is over objects of sense enjoyment. This kind of fight is only over lust. As long as the seed of lust remains present in the heart, the living entities suffer. This is the disease of the heart. The foolish living entities believe that they will become happy by satiating their lusty desires through insignificant sense enjoyment. They do not know that Kṛṣṇa is the transcendental Kāmadeva, who always increases the kāma of His devotees; their inherent pure love for Him.
An extremely wealthy man does not fear the expense of a few coins, while a poor man weeps if even one coin is lost or spent. What is the worry for those who have billions and billions of dollars? Kṛṣṇa always increases the love, prema or kāma of His devotees. Then His devotees never have desire to have prema for anyone other than Kṛṣṇa.
Therefore, Śukadeva Gosvāmī glorifies Kṛṣṇa in this verse:
jayati jana-nivāso devakī-janma-vādo
yadu-vara-pariṣat svair dorbhir asyann adharmam
vraja-pura-vanitānāṁ vardhayan kāma-devam
No one else has the potency to do this like Kṛṣṇa. All others can only cause the loss or diminution of love. They cannot increase it or make it permanent.
Like the small child who watches as his neighbors and the people of the village celebrate Dīpāvalī by lighting candles. With the desire to join in the fun he searches for candles to light, but not finding any in his small straw hut he lights his house itself on fire and dances joyfully as he watches it burn down. He sings and claps his hands saying, “Just see how big my Dīpāvalī is!”
The kāma of the living entities is actually insignificant. Yet they think, “I will spend this asset. Then I will be very happy,” but they do not know how to achieve their objective.
Kṛṣṇa says, “No, if you come to Vraja, and take shelter of the Vrajavāsīs, then your love will increase to such an extent, it will advance so high that you will never again perform any action that goes against pure love, and you will be relieved of all anarthas.”
Therefore Kṛṣṇa brought everyone to this place of dharma, Kurukṣetra.
[Translated from dictations given on the Bhagavad-gita]
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