[1955, 3rd August, Third Issue of Bhagavat Patrika
-Question and Answer]
Sri Caitanyadeva and Sri Kalkideva
From Dehādūn, Śriyut Premadasaji, faithful reader of the Sri Bhagavat Patrika. By his letter, he asked a question and requested the reconciliation. We hope that this answer is beneficial to the reader, hence; this has been published in the Sri Patrika.
Question: It is written on page 20 of the first issue of the Sri Bhagava Patrika, “This kali-yuga is not an ordinary kali-yuga, the previous mahatmas have addressed it as ‘dhanya-kali.’ – in the ‘dhanya-kali’ there is no necessity of the kalki-avatara.’ Then in the second issue, on page 46, in the article titled, ‘sri Krsna caitanya Mahaprabhu ka sankirtana anandolan’ it has been written exactly the opposite – ‘to deliver the sadhus from karma and to protect dharma, Sri Hari, the spiritual master, supreme controller and Supreme Soul (indwelling witness) of the moving and nonmoving universe, will appear. Hence, in the famed town of Saṁbhal, in the home of the high-class Brahmin called Visnu, the Supreme Lord will incarnate as Kalkideva.” Of these two topics, which should be considered authoritative, and can the opposing views be reconciled?
Answer: Your question is very good. First of all it is extremely important to understand that the bhakta-bhagavat, grantha-bhagavat, and Bhagavan are free from bhrama, pramada, vipralipsa, and karanpatava, or the tendency to make mistakes, come under the sway of illusion, cheat, and have imperfect senses – there is always the lack of these four defects. To have false information in relation to any vastu (subject) is called bhrama, to experience, hear or speak of any vastu or adage in a manner diffident to its true nature is called pramada, the desire to cheat is called vipralipsa, and the inefficiencies/imperfection of the senses is called karanapatava. Jagad-guru om visnupada Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura is an eternal associate of God, and a bhakta-bhagavata. On the other hand, the article titled, ‘Sri Krsna caitanya Mahaprabhu ka sankirtana-anandolana, the mahaniya writer, on the adarapara of the Srimad Bhagavatam wrote, it was written especially describing the situation of kali-yuga in relation to the appearrence of kalkideva, translsated from the verses of the Srimad Bhagavatam in this context. Hence, the question of a mistake or lack of faith cannot arise for bhakta bhagavat Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura and grantha bhagavat.
Now the question comes –how can both things be correct at the same time, and how can these opposing topics be harmonized? This has a very simple solution – in the article ‘sri Krsna caitanya Mahaprabhu sankirtana anandolan’ or in the Srimad Bhagavatam, they are describing the situation that will come in an ordinary kali-yuga and in that it was mentioned that in the time of kali, when the situation becomes very bad, then Sri Kalkideva will appear –that is the ordinary rule.
However, the affair is that Krsna does not appear in every dvapara-yuga, and Sri Caitanyadeva does not appear in every kali-yuga. There is one manvantara for fifty-two catur-yugas, and fourteen manvantaras in one day of Brahma. The Supreme Godhead, the root of all incarnations, Sri Krsna, advents on this earth once in a day of Brahma, – during the seventh manvantara, at the 28th catur-yuga, and the last part of dvapara-yuga, and in the kali-yuga right after that – also only once in a day of Brahma – that antah krsno bahir gauraḥ (skanda purana) the Supreme Godhead, Who is the root of all incarnations, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu appears in this world to bestow krsna-nama and krsna-prema to the living entities. Even though every kali-yuga is an ocean of faults, in this one, through nama-bhajan, complete perfection can be achieved, it is told in sastra, ‘yatra sankirtanenaiva sarvathatho’bhilabhyate’ – Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5.36, kirtanadeva Krsnasya muktasangah paramvrajet’ – Srimad Bhagavatam 12.3.51, thus the glories of this age of kali have been given, therefore that kali-yuga when the Supreme Godhead Sri Caitanyadeva bestows the immortal nectar of sri-harinama, making blessed the living entities of this world, this special kali-yuga is called dhanya-kali due to His appearance, and by the power of His appearance, there is no need for the Kalki-avatara to come in this dhanya-kali. Srila Vrndavan das Thakura wrote in strong words in his ‘Caitanya-bhagavat’ –
Ucca sankirtana tate karila pracara
Sthira cara jivera khandaila samsara
Caitanyavatare bahe premamrta vanya
Saba jiva preme bhase ‘prthvi haila dhanya
Considering the plight of the living entities of this world, Sri Caitanyadeva propagated load sankirtana, cutting the material desires of all moving and nonmoving living entities at the root. In this way, He brought such a flood of Krsna-prema, in which the entire world is drowning, and therefore the earth has become blessed.
Sri Mahaprabhu then declared for this to be spread all over –
Prthivite ache yata nagaradi grama
Sarvatra pracar haibe more nama
(Caitanya-bhāgavata, Antya-khaṇḍa 4.126)
‘In every town and village on this earth the glories of My name will be chanted’
Today we see these words of Mahaprabhu becoming fulfilled. (check this sentence) Gradually, in all sampradayyas, all countries, all castes, all classes, without any mood of difference, everywhere this harinama-sankirtan is being spread. One day is coming when the bhagavat-dharma–sri-harinama-sankirtan will be broadcast in all distant corners or the world and by its auspicious sound, the material desires of the living entities will be destroyed and they will drown in Krsna-prema, pure love of God. Sri Caitanyadeva did not harm one living being, rather, He swept their demonic tendencies and impious merits up in the flood of Krsna-prema. This flood is sequentially spreading in this world along with kali-yuga. Then there will be no need for Kalkideva to appear. His advent is to subdue and destroy the ghamarkṣā and demons, when that work has already been accomplished/solved, than why will he come after?
Another point is that Bhagavan has many incarnations, of which one is saktyavesa-avatara. When the potency of Bhagavan especially manifests in a great soul, that person is called a saktyavesa-avatara. Prthu, Parasurama, Kalki, Narada, Vyasa and so forth, are saktyavesa-avataras. When the root of all avatars the Supreme Godhead Himself descends, then Narayana, the catur-vyuha, lila-avataras, yuga-avataras, manvantar-avataras, saktyavesa-avataras and so forth, all are present in His Divine Form, then through the avatari, (root of all incarnations) all works such as propagating the yuga-dharma, are accomplished.
Consequently, in that kali-yuga when the Supreme Personality, the root of all incarnations, full of all potencies, the supremely compassionate from of divine love, Sri Caitanyadeva appears, there is no longer a need for Kalkideva to appear separately – this is the doctrine of our previous acaryas, and the conclusive truth propounded by scripture. Hence, due to the appearance of Sri Caitanyadeva, this present kali-yuga has been described as dhanya-kali, the blessed age, in this age there will not be the need for the advent of saktyavesa-avataras such as Kalkideva. The scriptures have described the advent of the Kalki-avatara for all other ordinary kali-yugas. To establish this truth the article ‘Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu Sankirtana-anandolan’ was written by its author. Now only this introduction is going on. It is our wish that the author will gradually manifest this specialty of Sriman Mahaprabhu’s sankirtana-dharma.
– the Editor (Srila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaja)
Rasaraja brajawasi was well loved by all devotes, and the local community, grhastha everyone., he had a sweet nature and was humourous, indeed, he was the form of rasa.