Hari-katha Articles Many Angles of the Sun - 09 Feb 2013 - Govinda lilamrta

Many Angles of the Sun – 09 Feb 2013 – Govinda lilamrta

(Following is a translation of a Hindi dictation)

In this world there are two types of men. One type of person gives respect to all. But he especially gives respect and praise to God’s devotees. Another type of man criticizes the Vaiṣṇavas. Although the Vaiṣṇavas have all good qualities, he still criticizes them. Those who criticize collect only bad qualities and bad desires. Slowly, their nature becomes more and more demonic. By his faith and devotion the other type of man attains good qualities and becomes empowered with spiritual strength. The tendency to serve God and perform bhajana awakes within such a person. Gradually he becomes qualified for pure bhakti.

Those who give respect to and glorify the qualities of the Vraja-devīs attain Kṛṣṇa’s mercy. And those who criticize go along further and further towards the darkest of hells. Having come in this world, without any difficult sādhana, if śraddhā arises in pure Guru and Vaiṣṇavas, all good qualities will manifest in such a person. Those people who work very hard, performing so much difficult labor, but who have no faith towards God and His devotees, only suffer over and over again in illusion.

If we have faith for what is expressed by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī, Sanātana Gosvāmī, the Six Gosvāmīs, Kavirāja Gosvāmī and the guru-varga, then we can attain the qualification to eternally serve in Vraja. If we disrespect the gosvāmīs and their literature, rather than Govinda’s pastimes manifesting in our heart, the mundane pastimes of this world will cause us suffering, like a painful disease.

In a solitary bower, at the time of niśānta-līlā, Kṛṣṇa is resting. At that time, the birds are chirping to awake the Divine Couple, but, They do not want to leave each others’ arms. The bliss They are feeling by tightly embracing each other cannot be broken by the birds’ calls. Therefore Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa cover Their heads with a blanket and remain with eyes closed.

Śuka is sitting on a creeper in the bower, calling, “Kṛṣṇa, awake. It is not the time to sleep.” But the male parrot doesn’t say this directly. What does he say? “O Gokulacandra, the sun is arising.” What does this mean? It is very difficult to express.

The parrot said, “Your time here is over. Tum uṭho, get up. Others are coming.” Who are they? Those of another camp.

The parrot says, “The sun is coming.” Meaning, the light of the sun is on its way. “In this illumination You will not be able to hide. Now You will not be able to keep Rādhārānī close to You.”

What does this mean? Those favorable to Rādhārānī, Her own sakhīs and mañjarīs, will hide at the coming of the sun. Rādhārānī’s sakhīs and mañjarīs are like stars that disappear at the coming of the sun, which is likened to an opposing party. One wild force of illumination is coming. His name is the sun. He is coming forth with a great searchlight, “Where are You hiding?” He is ready to bring everything out into the open.

Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa will not be able to remain with Their associates favorable to mādhurya-rasa.

The parrot says, “Now You will have to meet with Your mother and father, cowherd boy friends, servants, and all other Vrajavāsīs.”

The rising sun means that Kṛṣṇa has to meet with all the Vrajavāsīs. Therefore the parrot says, “O Gokulacandra, moon of Gokula, arise! O Lord, the cruel sun is coming. He is unfavorable.” Why is the sun opposing? This is very astonishing. In the night Kṛṣṇa met freely with Śrīmatī. But in the morning, all have the desire to meet with Kṛṣṇa. They wish to feed Him, dress Him, bathe Him, and serve Him in many other ways. But the bliss felt by Kṛṣṇa when He engages in loving pastimes with Śrīmatī Rādhārānī and the Vraja-devīs is beyond compare. In the presence of that bliss, the joy felt in other rasas is insignificant. However, to pacify the minds of all Vrajavāsīs, who are all eager to meet with Him, Kṛṣṇa has to leave the company of Rādhārānī when the sun rises.

Śuka says, “Sūrya is coming.” Sūrya here means one who is of an opposing group. “You will have to wake and leave this bower on the bank of the Yamunā,” Śuka says. “Leave this private quarter. Jaṭilā is coming.” Here Jaṭilā means the rays of the sun creeping over the horizon, which look like matted hair, jaṭā. Śuka says, “Jaṭilā, Kutila, Abhimanyu, Govardhana Malla and their group will come to search for You here if You are not careful. Therefore get up and leave. Like the sun, raging in a fiery temper, Jaṭilā and her party will come here to attack You. Critical people are coming on their way to disturb you.”

Critical people are like sweepers who only collect garbage, vultures that feast on rotten flesh, or dogs that eat others’ stool and bark day and night. Such people have no relationship with rasa. They are not rasika. When the morning comes, these type of people come out of their residences to search for garbage. The sun becomes an opposed party by giving help to such people. At night no one was there to disturb. But as the sun arises, antagonistic people will come out into the daylight and resume their fault-finding business.

The parrot continues, “Leave this bower on the Yamunā’s bank and return to Your home.”

Sārī then addresses Śrīmatī, “O lotus-faced Rādhārānī, You are exhausted from laboring so hard in the night. But You must give up Your lethargy and leave this place. The angry one is coming. The happiness You have felt has no fault. But the eastern horizon is showing displeasure upon seeing You. Therefore You should leave this place. The eastern horizon has taken on a complexion like blood, as if he is red with anger.”

Who is this? Candrāvalī and her party. When she heard that at that very moment Kṛṣṇa was in the arms of Rādhārānī in a kuñja, she became infuriated. All the sakhīs and mañjarīs in Rādhārānī’s group are overfilled with joy, and jealous at their happiness, Candrāvalī and her group’s faces are burning red with envy. They desire to anyhow separate Kṛṣṇa from Rādhārānī. With this in mind, they go to complain. How? Candrāvalī’s husband is named Govardhana Malla. He is the dear friend of Abhimanyu. In one minute he would go and give news to Abhimanyu, “Just go and see where Rādhā is!” If Candrāvalī goes and tells her husband that Kṛṣṇa is with Rādhārānī, then he would immediately go to Abhimanyu and inform him, and together they would lead a band to find the culprit lovers. Then Candrāvalī and her group would feel great delight in the distress of Rādhārānī and Her group. All Rādhārānī’s sakhīs and mañjarīs would have difficult running away and hiding in time. And if Rādhārānī was caught with Kṛṣṇa, then ill repute would spread all around.

Therefore Sārī says to Śrīmatī, “Leave this place at once before they can come and find You. If You leave, then all others will automatically depart. You were pleasing Kṛṣṇa’s desires for union, but if You don’t leave Him, trouble will come. Giving Him up is very distressing, but if You don’t do so, an even greater cause of distress will come. Some times are such that You must keep some distance between each other, and You cannot say anything before others. You have to demonstrate an indifferent mood.”

Like if Kṛṣṇa came within the proximity of Rādhārānī by any cause before a group of Their elders and relatives, what would She have to do? If asked about Him, She would say, “Who is that? I don’t know Him.” If They have the slightest interaction, or once lovingly glance at each other, then others would find out about Their romance. In front of elders and relatives, the only thing favorable for Their loving pastimes is to neglect each other.

If one has deep love for someone, he should hide it from the knowledge of others. The Vraja-devī are most expert at this, therefore they are called gopīs.

Sārī continues, “The sun is traveling along his path. Give up Your blissful meeting with Kṛṣṇa. The sun-god drives a chariot with twelve horses, and is accompanied by many soldiers. All will come to attack You.”

The sun’s rays are like his army coming to attack the intimacy of the Divine Couple.

“If Abhimanyu and Govardhana Malla come, bringing along the warriors of Kaṁsa to arrest You, then how will You escape? The time is very dangerous, therefore give up Your happiness here and leave this place.”

Finally, to break Kṛṣṇa’s rest with Śrīmatī, His beloved parrot flies down and sits upon Kṛṣṇa’s shoulder, and speaks in a sweet melodic voice into Kṛṣṇa’s ear. How will Kṛṣṇa’s attention be caught? By hearing about Himself? No. Only by hearing someone speak about Rādhārānī. When Kṛṣṇa hears about Rādhārānī He becomes filled with joy. Therefore Śuka says, “Rādhārānī is not here. She is at Vilāsa-ghara in Gahvarvana, eagerly waiting Your arrival. Quickly wake and go there. The sakhīs are decorating Her for Your arrival. They have made a flower bed and feel intense greed for You to come. They sent me to get You. Wake up. If You wait too long the chance to meet with Śrīmatī will pass by. Right now there is no obstacle. I will show You a direct path to reach the cave in Gahvaravana.”

Śuka softly speaks this into Kṛṣṇa’s ears. But where is Kṛṣṇa? He is wrapped in the embrace of Rādhārānī. Yet, Śuka speaks to Him like this. Hearing this, Kṛṣṇa jumps up, saying, “Rādhārānī is not here!” Without further ado He runs off. He is so absorbed in the love in His heart for Śrīmatī that He is unaware of His surroundings.

Just as once Rādhārānī was sitting in the lap of Kṛṣṇa at Prema-sarovara when Madhumaṅgala came and told Her, “Don’t worry, I chased away Madhusūdana, now He will never return.” One bumblebee had come and been buzzing around Śrīmatī’s lotus feet, thinking there was honey there to be relished. Then Madhumaṅgala chased the bee away and returned, saying, “Madhusūdana will return no longer.” Hearing this, Rādhārānī fell senseless due to separation even though She was in the lap of Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa spoke in Her ear, “I am here! Maiñ hūñ, maiñ hūñ. I am present.” But She had become bewildered in separation from Him.

Like this, when Kṛṣṇa is resting with Śrīmatī, when the time is getting late, Śuka comes on Kṛṣṇa’s shoulder and pecks His neck, twirls His bluish curly locks, and whispers in His ear, “Get up! Rādhārānī is waiting for You at Vilāsa-ghara.” Kṛṣṇa immediately jumps up and goes out of the kuñja in a flurry. Then the sakhīs and mañjarīs come to Rādhārānī and quickly rearrange Her clothing and take Her off to Yāvaṭa. But what did Śuka tell in Kṛṣṇa’s ear? She doesn’t know. The gopīs don’t know.

The Divine Couple’s pastimes are manifested and arranged by Yogamāyā.

Śuka awoke Kṛṣṇa by His speech, and then as Kṛṣṇa ran off, he began eulogizing Kṛṣṇa’s glories. This singing of Śuka defeats the prayers in the Vedas. He sang, “Acyuta, tumhārī jaya ho! Govinda, tumhārī jaya ho! All glories to You, all glories to You. You are the very embodiment of all auspiciousness. You are like a bee who kisses the lotus faces of the vraja-ramaṇīs. By Your love You give all happiness. Thus I offer obeisance to You. The heart of whoever You look at with Your crooked bee-like eyes becomes filled with rasa. All hearts overflow with bliss by Your glance. All are waiting for this merciful glance of Yours.” What is the meaning? Śuka continues, “When You depart for the forest to graze the cows You can again meet with the gopīs. They cannot meet with You now, but will be waiting for You in the forest groves. Thus You must go about Your responsibilities.”

Kṛṣṇa returned to Nandagrāma and went quietly to bed. On the other side, the sakhīs and mañjarīs reached Yāvaṭa with Śrīmatī, and from there came on their way to Nanda-bhavāna. All throughout Vraja the news spreads that Kṛṣṇa is about to leave for cow-grazing.

Everyone dresses and finds an excuse to go on the roadway to see Kṛṣṇa. Some gopīs take clay pots on their heads and say to their mothers, “Mum, we are going to sell butter in the market.” Some make a pretense of going to sell milk. Some say, “I will go pick flowers for worship.” All the gopīs make some excuse or another to come out onto the pathways of Vraja to see Kṛṣṇa as He passes by. Some gopīs say, “I am going to give a meal to my husband out working in the fields.” Or, “My brother and father are out working hard, I will go give them a cooling drink.”

Some gopīs stand or move slowly along the path Kṛṣṇa will cross, while others hide behind trees and creepers. Why? No one is there, and from that hidden place they can secretly watch Kṛṣṇa to their hearts’ content. Kṛṣṇa may even come to meet with them in a secluded grove, and bind them with His snake-like arms.

Śuka says to Kṛṣṇa, “Go fulfill the desires of the gopīs by taking the cows out to graze. The sun will become angry if You don’t leave soon.”

The sakhās, Baladeva Prabhu and others will not be angry with Kṛṣṇa. But if Kṛṣṇa doesn’t give them darśana, and doesn’t meet with them, then a fire of jealousy will assault them. “How long will Kṛṣṇa ignore us?” they will think. They will be very sad and their māna will be difficult to break.

Śuka humbly speaks like this to Kṛṣṇa. Where are the sakhīs? Śuka gives an indication. “The eastern horizon is like a separated lover. Taking darśana of You from a distance, she is burning from the fire of cupid. Go meet with Your beloveds. All hearts are overfilled with the reddish saffron color of anurāga. If You don’t go and meet with them now, they will become hopeless and ready to give up their lives. How many pretenses have they made with great enthusiasm to get a slight chance to meet with You. All the kiśorīs are waiting for You. You should go there quickly and give them Your darśana line-by-line, embrace them with Your love, and fill their hearts with rasa.” The purport is to raise their anurāga higher and higher.

When the sun rises, all living entities’ appetite is increased. All have desire to eat and meet with each other. The living entities enthusiasm increases to enjoy life. When the krsna-rupi-sūrya, sun-like Kṛṣṇa meets with everyone, He infuses all with joy and ānanda-rasa, the bliss of pure love. Wherever Kṛṣṇa is not present is void. Then everything is useless, worthless.

Śuka thus says, “Chalo! Your beloveds are waiting for You.” Does Śuka say this so that Kṛṣṇa will leave Rādhārānī? Is this his intention? No. This is not giving up Rādhārānī. What is this? Śuka intends, “Now this place is no longer suitable for Your pastimes with Śrīmatī, You should go to another area where the situation will be favorable to meet with Her to Your heart’s content.”

In the daytime, owls enter their holes in trees to sleep and at night they come out. They can’t see well in the daytime. Those who slander others are like owls.

Śuka says, “When You graze the cows and perform Your responsibilities, even owl-like people will not criticize You for they won’t be able to see Your love-dalliances with the gopīs. And when You are deep in the forest, anyone unfavorable will not remain present to judge You.”

Śuka says, “When the gopīs are in their homes, or out worshipping the sun-god, and You are out grazing cows, no one thinks anything wrong. This is like the owls returning in the daytime to sleep in their tree holes. No critical comments will be made against You and the gopīs. Therefore O Lord, the time has come for You to perform further pastimes.”

Rādhārānī is maddened in drinking the honey of Kṛṣṇa’s love, but Vṛndā-devī is pressing the Divine Couple through different measures to separate and return to Their abodes.

Offered in remembrance of Śrīla Gurudeva
Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyaṇa Gosvāmī Mahārāja

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