Book excerpts Śrī Bhakti rasāmṛta sindhu bindu Verse 26: Inclusion of Gauṇa-rasas within Mukhya-rasas

Verse 26: Inclusion of Gauṇa-rasas within Mukhya-rasas

athaiṣāṁ sapta-gauṇānāṁ pañcasu mukhya-raseṣu antarbhāvo yathā – hāsya-yuddha-vīrayoḥ sakhye. adbhutasya sarvatra. karuṇā-dāna-vīra-dayā-vīrāṇāṁ vātsalye. bhayānakasya vātsalye dāsye ca. bībhatsasya śānte. raudrasya krodha-rati-vātsalyojjvala-rasa-parivāreṣu ekāṁśenety anenaiva parasparaṁ maitrī vairaṁ ca yuktyā jñeyam.

Śrī Bindu-vikāśinī-vṛtti

The seven gauṇa-rasas may be included within the five mukhya-rasas. For example hāsya and yuddha-vīra may be included in sakhya. Adbhuta may be included in all five mukhya-rasas. Dāna-vīra and dayā-vīra may be included in vātsalya. Bhayānaka may be included in vātsalya and dāsya, and bībhatsa within śānta. Krodha-rati of raudra-rasa is included within one aspect of vātsalya- and mādhurya-rasa. By studying the topic of inclusion of gauṇa-rasas within mukhya-rasas and applying proper judgement, one should understand the compatibility and incompatibility of these rasas. (Those rasas which are included within others should be understood to be compatible with them. One may consult the compatibility chart that is found in the commentary to Verse 25 for further clarification of this point.)

[CC-by-ND GVP]

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APPEARANCE OF SRIPADA NITYANANDA PRABHU

Today is the appearance day of Śrī Nityānanda Prabhu. He gives svarūpa sattā to the living entities, bringing them to eternal Vraja-dhāma. He performed all different plays in Kṛṣṇa’s pastimes. This is not any ordinary or mundane drama. Guru-pāda-padma gives knowledge of one’s svarūpa; relation with one’s svarūpa; liberation from one’s mundane body, and entrance into one’s soul body. We heard this morning how Nityānanda Prabhu appeared in this world. And we heard how He left Ekacakra and came to Vṛndāvana, after traveling on pilgrimage throughout India. There, He went to all the temples and searched everywhere for Kṛṣṇa. But He could not find Kṛṣṇa. He would ask the cowherd men He met, but they told Him, “Now Kṛṣṇa is not here.” He went to Govardhana and all around Vraja, and wept and rolled in the dust of Vraja, remembering Dvāpara-yuga and the pastimes of Kṛṣṇa. But He could not find Nanda, Yaśodā, Kṛṣṇa, and the Vrajavāsīs. He came to Mathurā and, seeing the palace of Kaṁsa, He was infuriated. He saw one piece of stone there covered with bloodstains. The stone had drunk the blood from the infants of Devakī that Kaṁsa had dashed upon it. Seeing this, Nityānanda Prabhu threw the stone in the Yamunā. But, as He went on His way, the stone floated along the river behind Him, all the way to Khar Daha. After sannyāsa, Nityānanda Prabhu went with Mahāprabhu to Advaita bhavana and then to Jagannātha Purī. Nityānanda Prabhu broke the daṇḍa of Mahāprabhu. One day Nityānanda Prabhu asked Mahāprabhu, “Prabhu, You have taken sannyāsa. The rule of sannyāsīs is to go house to house begging for one’s maintenance. But You never went to beg alms.” Mahāprabhu said, “Save My daṇḍa and kamaṇḍalu, I am going.” Mahāprabhu went and begged alms with His uttarīya. Seeing Mahāprabhu, people gave so much that Mahāprabhu could not carry it all. When Mahāprabhu came back, Nityānanda Prabhu was present there. Mahāprabhu asked, “Where is My daṇḍa?” “We carry Mahāprabhu in our own heart,” the devotees thought, “and Mahāprabhu carries you?” daṇḍa-bhaṅga-līlā ei—parama gambhīra sei bujhe, duṅhāra pade yāṅra bhakti dhīra Madhya, 5.158 [The pastime of the breaking of the staff is very deep. Only one whose devotion is fixed upon the lotus feet of the two Lords can understand it.] “Now You have been carried in the hand of Mahāprabhu for a long time,” Nityānanda Prabhu said to the daṇḍa. “After leaving everyone else, Mahāprabhu is now your servant, carrying you everywhere. I can’t tolerate this.” Nityānanda Prabhu broke Mahāprabhu’s daṇḍa in three pieces and threw it in the Bhargavi River. When Mahāprabhu returned, He saw His daṇḍa was not present. He asked, “Where is My daṇḍa?” For sannyāsīs, a daṇḍa is the svarūpa of Nārāyaṇa. “Where did My daṇḍa go?” Mahāprabhu asked. “I don’t know,” Nityānanda Prabhu said. “You always dance in ecstatic moods. Who knows where You threw it.” “No,” Mahāprabhu said, “I gave it to You.” “Oh,” Nityānanda Prabhu said. “No. You must have accidentally broken it while dancing. Anyhow, it was only a cheap piece of bamboo. Seeing it broken, I threw it in the Bhargavi.” Mahāprabhu said, “Alas! A daṇḍa is a sannyāsī’s only guardian. You broke My daṇḍa! Alas! Śrīpāda! What have You done? Now I have no more relation with anyone. Go first to Jagannātha Purī; otherwise I will go first. What is Your choice?” “You should go first.” Mahāprabhu went forward doing kīrtana and dancing in His own mood. He ran to Jagannātha Purī, to the temple of Jagannātha. Mahāprabhu ran to embrace Jagannātha, fainted, and was brought to the home of Sārvabhauma Paṇḍita. Nityānanda Prabhu later came to the temple of Jagannātha and ran to embrace Him. The priests said, “Before one madman came and fell senseless, now another one has come!” They caught Him in the temple, saying, “You cannot go inside the inner sanctum.” Nityānanda Prabhu desired to go inside the temple sanctum to embrace Jagannātha, Baladeva, and Subhadrā. Mahāprabhu was at the house of Sārvabhauma Paṇḍita. The priests informed Sārvabhauma Paṇḍita of the devotees who had come, and they were also brought to his house. Seeing Mahāprabhu senseless, the devotees started loud saṅkīrtana. Then Mahāprabhu awoke from His trance and began dancing ecstatically. Mahāprabhu later gave an order to Nityānanda Prabhu, “Go! Don’t stay here any longer with Me.” Was He angry with Nityānanda Prabhu? No. “Go help all the living entities,” Mahāprabhu said. “Bestow prema-bhakti upon the living entities. You have come here. I will be happy if You stay with Me. But if You go and help all living entities, this gives Me even more happiness.” Nityānanda Prabhu came back to Navadvīpa-dhāma with a huge saṅkīrtana party. Any place He passed through, the villagers would come with Nityānanda Prabhu and follow Him. They would not want to stay any longer in their homes. They realized their residential permit in their bodies and homes was temporary. They thought, “I will go with Nityānanda Prabhu. I will relish eternal bliss.” They forgot mundane happiness, jaḍa ānanda, and became absorbed in nitya ānanda, eternal bliss. They entered Nityānanda Prabhu’s saṅkīrtana party and danced hour to hour, day to day, sometimes playing and doing kīrtana in the water and sometimes jumping on the top of trees and doing kīrtana in their branches. Sometimes they did not eat for a month, only doing kīrtana, dancing back and forth through the countryside, not know which way they were going. Nityānanda Prabhu made the people mad in the bliss of chanting harināma, and they forgot everything by drinking kīrtana-rasa and bhakti-rasa. They had no need for any mundane food while with Nityānanda Prabhu. Was their strength and energy lost? Nityānanda Prabhu gave them svarūpa-siddhi. Dvādaśa Gopāla, the Cauṣaṭṭi-mahānta, Aṣṭa Kaviraja, and millions of devotees came with Nityānanda Prabhu, performing maha saṅkīrtana. The devotees did kīrtana day and night with Nityānanda Prabhu. saṅkīrtana-rase mete’ nāma bilāilo nāmera hāṭe ese preme jagat bhāsāilo [Deeply absorbed in saṅkīrtana-rasa, He distributed the holy name, and having come to the marketplace of the holy name, He caused the whole universe to swim in prema.] Nityānanda Prabhu performed saṅkīrtana throughout the land. Before Mahāprabhu had not given Him order, but now that Mahāprabhu had instructed Him, He began showering everyone with prema-bhakti through the medium of harināma-saṅkīrtana. He came to Adi Saptagrāma, where Raghava Paṇḍita, Śivānanda-sena, and other devotees were waiting for His arrival with the devotees. Nityānanda Prabhu is patita-pāvana. Where He will go and when—there is no guarantee. He goes to deliver the most fallen, and changes the hearts of all. He once went to the place of Rāmacandra Khān, the wealthy landlord. When Nityānanda Prabhu came with His saṅkīrtana party to that area, He sent some sevakas, telling them, “Go ask if we can stay and perform kīrtana at his house.” “You are Kṛṣṇa’s followers,” Rāmacandra Khān said. “Living in the cowshed is good for you. My temple is for Durgā-devī. You can’t enter my palace and do kīrtana there. You follow Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa likes the cows, forest, and jungle. So why are you madmen coming here? There is no place for you here.” If anyone disturbs the Saṅkīrtana Movement, or if anyone is not happy with saṅkīrtana, then Nityānanda Prabhu will be angry at that place. Otherwise, Nityānanda Prabhu never becomes angry or disturbed. Nityānanda Prabhu became angry and said, “Oh! There is no place here for the devotees and saṅkīrtana? Then this place is for mlecchas.” Nityānanda Prabhu left that place. Before, Rāmacandra Khān had offended Haridāsa Ṭhākura, sending a prostitute to try and make him fall down. A little later, the Mughal ruler from Delhi sent many soldiers there. They went and took everything from Rāmacandra Khān, killed his family, and razed his house. Nityānanda Prabhu went from that place to Panihati in another state. The son of Hiranya Govardhana, Raghunātha, came to meet with Nityānanda Prabhu. Nityānanda Prabhu was very happy. His sevakas said, “Raghunātha has come and offered You obeisance from a far distance.” Nityānanda Prabhu had His followers call forth Raghunātha, and then shouted, “Raghunātha, you are a big thief. You have hidden many things. Now I am giving you daṇḍa, punishment.” On one side, Nityānanda Prabhu broke the daṇḍa of Mahāprabhu, and on the other side, He gave daṇḍa to Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī. “You must give prasādam to all the devotees,” Nityānanda Prabhu said. “You have come here in the early morning. I am remembering pulina-bhojana in Vraja on the bank of the Yamunā. Now arrange everything.” Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī was very pleased. bhakta dravyera khadi khadi khai abhaktera dravyera bhoga kabhi nahi chai If anyone has love for God, the Lord will go there and steal from him by force. But the Lord will never accept anything from those who have no love for Him. Even if they make a show offering something, the Lord will never accept it. Now, Raghunātha is an eternal Vrajavāsī. He has great love. How did he follow the order of Nityānanda Prabhu? He arranged prasādam for millions of devotees there in a short span of time. Thousands and thousands of people were standing anywhere and everywhere, in the river water, and on trees. (to see more click on Title)

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