When our practices will lead to the manifestation of bhāva, it is actually sādhana. First, understand what is bhāva, then how to manifest it. It is already in our hearts in a latent form, we just have to manifest it. When we do śravaṇa, kīrtana, and smaraṇam with bhāva as our ultimate goal, only then is it sādhana. Right now we are all far away from sādhana. If there is no ruci (taste) and we are still doing sādhana, then it is vaidhī-bhakti. If greed for rāgātmika bhāva develops, and if we do bhajana under the guidance of the Guru-varga, then all this is a symptom of rāgānuga-bhakti.
August 23, 1999 Vṛndāvana