[Synopsis – After Srimad-Bhagavatam was spoken to Pariksit Maharaja, he left this world, but both the pure devotee and Krsna never die. What nonbelievers see with their eyes is all an illusion of Yogamaya. Before he left this world, Pariksit’s mother asked him to give the essence of Srimad-Bhagavatam, which is the introduction to Brhad-Bhagavatamrta.]
I was explaining how Pariksit Maharaja left his whole kingdom, his wife, children and royal dress, how he went to the Ganges and left all food, water and everything. In that same moment, all the rsis, like Vyasa, Narada, Sanaka, Sanandana, assembled there. In the meantime, Sukadeva Gosvami came. Pariksit had a cause; in seven days he would die. On the seventh day, he was hearing Srimad-Bhagavatam, tenth and eleventh cantos also, until it was finished.
Sukadeva Gosvami told Pariksit, “Now you have no fear of snakes or anything. You have cast away all these things. May I go?”
“Yes you can go.” Pariksit Maharaja was satisfied and Sukadeva Gosvami went from that place. Pariksit Maharaja’s mother was also hearing Srimad-Bhagavatam.
In the meantime, that snake, in the shape of a very cruel black person, was coming. He saw that a rsi named Kasyapa was coming with his bags. He asked Kasyapa, “Where are you going?”
“I am going to the council of Pariksit Maharaja. I have heard that a snake will come and bite him, and he will die. I will use my medicines and at once he will become alive again.”
“You cannot do that because I am Kala. I myself am mrtyu. I am death. You cannot save him. But I can save him. I have power. Let me examine you. I will bite this very big banyan tree and it will burn to ashes. Then you can use your medicines and mantras. If you can save this tree to be as it was before, with very green leaves, fruits and everything, then I will think that you can save him. So, let me do.”
Then he became a very big black snake and bit that tree. In a moment that tree was finished; everything became ash. Kasyapa took out his bag, took some medicines, and mixed them with water. With mantras, he threw that medicine on the root of the tree, which was like ash. Very soon, a sprout came and at once it became a very big tree with so many leaves, fruits, and birds, as it was before.
The cruel man said, “You are a very wonderful person! You may save him, but why are you going there? Perhaps for some money? I will give you so much gold. You should be satisfied and return to your home.”
“No, no. I cannot return. Please keep the money with you.”
Then he gave the rsi double what he first gave. It was so sufficient for him that some water came from his mouth. He took it and returned home. From that very day in India, mantra and medicine disappeared. He was cheating and selling his mantra and ausadi, medicine. So from that very day, only a very little part of that ausadi and mantra remain in India, but not like before.
That black person came and became a very little snake and entered a flower which was brought to that place by any gardener. He entered into that flower. When it was given to Pariksit Maharaj, at once he became a very big poisonous snake and he at once bit him. But before this, Pariksit had taken his senses, heart and mind from there and took it to the lotus feet of Krsna in Goloka Vrndavana. And after that, the snake bit him and emptied his life from this body only, and at once he became ashes. He could not touch Pariksit Maharaja. You should tell one example.
Know that devotees like Pariksit Maharaja are transcendental. Especially, he has played in the lap of Krsna. He was brought up by Arjuna, Bhima, Nakula, Sahadeva, Yudisthira, and Draupadi. They were high class devotees. They were not sadhakas. They were all siddhas, transcendental associates of Krsna. Even Prahlada Maharaja was not be dead by taking poison. He was given so much poison, but he could not die. Why would Pariksit Maharaja die? If Prahlada Maharaja was not dead by taking poison, then why would Pariksit die?
There is a story, not a story, but an actual thing, that was written by Srila Visvannatha Cakravarti Thakur; that Krsna was not shot by any hunter. In some Puranas and in Mahabharata, it is written that a hunter shot Krsna and He was dead, and a funeral ceremony was there. How will you reconcile all of these things? In the Srimad-Bhagavatam it has been told that Krsna went with His shape, the Vrajavasis and all Goloka Vrndavana. He is still in Goloka Vrndavana. He is never dead. So, Pariksit Maharaja cannot be killed by the biting of a snake. There are some things that Yogamaya did. General persons saw that He was shot and He died, but actually Brahma, Sankara, and all the demigods and devotees saw that Krsna was going with all of His associates to Goloka Vrndavana. Yogamaya showed something false. Pariksit Maharaja never died. He went and stayed in Goloka Vrndavana, but some general people with no bhakti see that a serpent bit him. Before that he went quickly with his same body to Goloka Vrndavana. Sanatana Gosvami says that Pariksit has a shape of a gopi, and in the shape of a gopi, he went there to Goloka Vrndavana for the service of Radha-Krsna conjugal. There was no death at all. It was shown like magic.
[An example] has been shown by Visvannatha Cakravarti Thakur that once there was a magician. He had a very beautiful young wife and two children of eight or nine years old. They were all very beautiful, smart and bold. They came to the king and prayed, “We want to show you some magic.”
The king ordered. “Yes okay.”
His entire council was there, as well as his wife, children were there. They did so many magic tricks. A rope was given to the bamboo. His wife climbed up on that rope and began to dance with so many vessels on her head, holding a bamboo stick in her hands and dancing, coming and going, like this and that. The king and his wife became so happy. Very good magic. When she came down, the queen herself took her very valuable necklace and gave it to that lady. The two young boys were standing there and said, “Mother give me that.” Both were quarreling and forcibly trying to take it. The mother took it off and was in the middle keeping it and they were quarreling to take it, but both the sons were equally powerful and strong, so they were pulling each other. In the meantime, one boy took his sword from his case, and the other did also, and at the same time, one took the head of his brother, and the other took the other’s. Both fell down; their heads were both cut off. The mother came weeping, “Oh my two sons, I have lost!” She took at once the sword and immediately cut off her neck. Then the father came and said, “Oh my two children and wife have been killed! How can I live?” Then he took one sword and cut off his head. Four were dead.
All were crying and crying. “What has become of this?” All were weeping and crying. Anyhow, what to do? After that the dead bodies were removed from there. The queen was so worried, and the king was so worried. The next day, a letter came to them saying, “My king. We are not dead. We showed magic to you only. If you have no belief, then come to our house. Our house is very near to your house and you will see us there.”
Then, the king and queen became very full of wonder. “How did this happen? We saw that they were dead. Four were dead there.” They became in wonder and they went there. When they reached there in their chariots, they saw that that young lady and her husband were both smiling, and both their sons were smiling, and that necklace was on the neck of that young lady. All were holding a very big garland, welcoming the king and queen. They asked, “Where is our prize? What you gave was for the first scene but what we did in the last part, you could not give us, so we want something.” If a magician can do this then?
Have you seen P.C. Sorcar from India? He was very famous. Once, in Calcutta, all the big generals of India under the British government were there; the big Viceroy and the governess of so many places and generals were gathered in their assembly. P.C. Sorcar told them, “I will come and play some magic.” All were waiting. The time would be at four that he would come and do his show, but he was late. Ten minutes, ten minutes, ten minutes. He was late by one hour. They were very angry. They wanted to punish him. If he would come, they decided they will punish him at once. They were so angry. After one hour, taking some betel nuts in his mouth, smiling so much, he entered the hall. All asked him, “Why were you late? We will punish you.”
“My masters, why are you so angry? Please see. What is the time on your watch?” They saw that it was just four. It was not late, nothing. So, a magician of the magician of the magician of the master Yogamaya can do this. In a second Yogamaya can make lakhs and lakhs of universes. She can do anything, so Krsna was not shot and Pariksit Maharaja was not to face any death. A serpent cannot touch him because he is eternal, and he is a transcendental associate of Krsna.
Poison was given to Prahlada Maharaja and he easily digested it, very easily. You know Hanuman? Death cannot come to Hanuman. He is an associate of Rama. Pariksit is more than that. And Krsna Himself, how can He die? How can He be shot? Never can He be . If by shooting or giving poison anyone dies, then he is not so high of a realized pure devotee. We have heard that Hiranyakasipu wanted to kill Prahlada Maharaja with his whole force, by elephants, by drowning him in an ocean, throwing him from hills, and keeping him in fire, but he was never killed. We see that Jesus Christ was hung on the cross. He died. He was a pure devotee and he is a messenger of God, but yet he died. But this may be false. He may not have died. If he is a pure devotee, he may not die, because he is transcendental. Can a transcendental person be touched by fire, poison, or a [deathly] shot? Never. And if he is put to death, then he is not such a realized soul. He is not liberated. If Prahlada Maharaja could not be killed and if, even five hundred years ago, Meera Bai was given so much poison, but could not die, then how can Krsna die? Never.
I also saw in Mathura once a magician came; that same magician. He came to Mathura, about forty years ago. I saw that there was a big gathering. His son was there. At the big gathering, he cut his head off his son and put it in a box, and very big locks were put on by the district magistrate and superintendent of police. He told them, “You should lock it.” And they locked it and the key was with the superintendent of police and district magistrate. About forty thousand people were there. The magician called, “Oh my son! Come on, come on, come on!”
There was his son coming from a far distance and entering the crowd, “Father father I am coming!” He just appeared there. He really could not cut the head of his son, but all were seeing this. All seeing was false. The city magistrate and district magistrate and all were there. They opened the box and saw that no one was there. Actually, it was false. Why can’t maya do this? And more than maya, is Yogamaya. She can show anything. So Krsna never dies. Any associates of Krsna cannot die—never. So Pariksit Maharaja went straight [to the spiritual world] because it has been told in Srimad-Bhagavatam that it is more than amrta, nectar. A man who will take nectar will never die, and Srimad-Bhagavatam is more than this svargiya-amrta, heavenly nectar [of immortality].
tava kathamrtam tapta jivanam
kavibhir iditam kamasapaham
sravanam mangalam srimad atatam
bhuvi grhnantite bhuri da jana
Your name and pastimes are more than nectar. Anyone serving this nectar, namamrta or pastimes, he can never die, never die. Everywhere in Srimad-Bhagavatam, if anyone is practicing bhakti-yoga, even in third class, he can conquer death, miseries, sorrow, birth and death. Therefore, how could Pariksit Maharaja die? You should know that Krsna was not shot and Pariksit Maharaja was not killed by this poison. Before that, he went to Goloka Vrndavana with that body and he went to Goloka Vrndavana for the service of conjugal.
When the serpent was coming, and Sukadeva Gosvami went from that council, Uttara devi, the mother of Pariksit Maharaja asked him, “My dear son. I heard Srimad-Bhagavatam from the lips of Sukadeva Gosvami. Really, he is a very learned person and realized soul, but I am a woman. I don’t have so much intelligence for all these things. Please tell the summary, sum and substance of Srimad-Bhagavatam that you heard. Tell it in such a way that I can understand and follow, but in very short.”
Pariksit Maharaja replied, “Now I am going to die. Very little time is there, but your question is so sweet and powerful, that I cannot sit idle. I wanted to take my mind to the lotus feet of Krsna, but I think it will be better that I will tell some sweet pastimes of Krsna. I want to answer you.” So, he began to answer. This is the platform of this Brhad-Bhagavatamrta.
Try to understand that even in Srimad-Bhagavatam it has been written by the cause of some rsis like Durvasa and others, who were sometimes assembled in Dvarka. They were there telling and hearing harikatha. Samba, a very beautiful son of Krsna, was decorated by his friends like a very young lady and he became almost like a lady, looking very young. They put something on his stomach and he was looking like a pregnant woman, looking like he had something in his womb. They went to the rsis and were joking with them, “Oh rsis. This is a newly married wife. She wants to know if the baby in her womb is a son or daughter?” They were joking. Nowadays, there are so many joke sadhus and devotees. The mohammedans tried to kill Haridasa Thakur, thinking he was a doungi, a pretender, but at last they saw, “Oh he is jindapir, he is some liberated saint.”
So, Samba and the boys were joking to the rsis. Narada and all were there. When they made excessive jokes, Durvasa said, “You want to know whether there is a son or daughter there? There is nothing of the sort. There is only an iron pestle and by this your whole family will be ruined.” They left from there and took their cover off and saw a very big iron thing with some wood.
They were very much in fear. They at once went to Ugrasena Maharaja and asked, “What to do now?” They were fearing Krsna, so they did not go to Krsna. He at once took it, burned that wood and the remaining iron was ground into dust, and that which was not ground was very small, like an arrow point.
He took it all in a vessel and told them, “Go very deep in the ocean, and there you should throw this all out.” The sea with its waves, returned it to the shore, and the dust became a very big dense forest of grass, whose leaves were like swords. That arrow point was taken by a fish. When the fish was caught in the net of a fisherman, and was cut open, that piece came and that pointed iron was put on the arrow. After some time, all the Yaduvamsi saw that there were so many signals of bad things coming. They told this to Krsna and Krsna said, “We should go to prabhasa ksetra, and we should give some donations and take bath in the sea. They began to give so many donations here and there, and after that they took some madhu, wine and they began to fight with each other and at last all were finished there. Only Baladeva left from there in the shape of a white snake. Krsna was there. But what was this? They were fighting and cutting each other. It was Yogamaya. Nothing was there. It was only to show those persons who have no bhakti. This was a mesmerization of Yogamaya. It was quite false. So, sometimes Yogamaya makes things to cheat people who don’t have bhakti. Yogamaya has two works: to help the devotees to meet Krsna and serve Krsna, and in her other shape, in her Mahamaya shape, she gives so much punishment to the persons who don’t serve Krsna and don’t chant and remember Him. There is one maya only. Sometimes she becomes Yogamaya and sometimes she plays as Mahamaya. For us she is Mahamaya and for devotees she is Yogamaya. So, this is all the play of Krsna. We should try to understand these things and read Srimad-Bhagavatam or any book and try to go deep so that we can know all these things.
Have very strong faith that we are not this physical body. We are part and parcels of Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The part, the jiva, also consists of Ananda, sat-cit-ananda. He is an eternal body inside this body. We are not this body, but we are in this body now. Jivera svarupa haya krsnera nitya dasa. All living entities are eternal servants of Krsna by their svarupa. Svarupa means their original form, constitutional position. They are eternal servants of Krsna, but we should also know that we have not come down from Goloka Vrndavana. We have come from tatastha sakti, from Karanadaksayi Visnu. Anyone going there [to the spiritual world], by so much hard process, and if he returns then it means that bhakti has no value.
Jadgat nivartante tat dhama paramam mama
Once engaged in service of Krsna in Goloka Vrndavana, he will never, never, never return. He can come with Krsna to play some role and to teach something here in this world, but he will not be bound by maya to come here. No birth and death. Now we’ll have to adopt the process to be happy forever, not by other methods, like karma, yoga, science. Scientists are making so much effort to be happy, but they will never be happy. We saw Hitler and Napoleon Bonaparte. He have seen Hiranyakasipu and Ravana. Ravana had a golden kingdom, where all the houses were golden. He not only had one son, he had one lakh sons, and twenty-five lakhs of grandsons, and such beautiful wives who were qualified and everything. There was no use of computer, or any system. Only he had to wish for it and a puspa vimana would come. He would at once be taking one, two, three, four or five lakhs of passengers in that. No machine, no pilot—nothing is needed. Sometimes cool, sometimes warm. At that time such science was there, but he was killed in day. Hiranyakasipu [was killed] in a moment. So, we should try to choose the path of devotion and very easily chant Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare. Have a relation with Krsna, as a friend, as a mother or father with Krsna as your son, or as our beloved like the gopis. We will have to come to this process and chant Hari’s names. Very soon and quickly you will keep your feet on the head of birth, death, sorrow and suffering and be happy forever. There is no other process. In this book, it has been explained so well.
[Audio cuts 44:00]
Sanatana Gosvami met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Varanasi, and for seven days, he taught all these things to Sanatana Gosvamipada. Santana Gosvami was ordered to go to Vrndavana. “You should write bhakti books, how bhakti is done, what is bhakti, and you should discover where is Vrndavana and the pastimes that are there. It has turned into a very big forest. No one is knowing where is Radha kunda, Syama kunda. You should establish Vaisnava sadacara, and also you should discover the deities established by Vajranabha, like Govinda, Gopinath and Madan Mohan.”
After that, Sanatana Gosvami came to Vrndavana and he began to think about [Mahaprabhu’s] teachings. “How to do all of this?” He at once, by the bhakti in his heart, realized all these things and what he did, now he is telling. He first did pranama to his ista-deva. Who is his ista-deva? Krsna Himself, taking the beauty and mood of Srimati Radhika. He came in the shape of Gaura-candra, Saci-nandana Gaurahari. Why did He come? He came to distribute among all persons unnataojjvala bhakti sriyam, and to taste the three things of His own shape, beauty, and sweetness.
sri-radhayah pranaya-mahima kidrso vanayaiva
svadyo yenadbhuta-madhurima kidrso va madiyah
saukhyam casya mad-anubhavatah kidrisam veti lobhat
tad-bhavadhyah samajani saci-garbha-sindhau harinduh
“Desiring to understand the glory of Radharani’s love, the wonderful qualities in Him that She alone relishes through Her love, and the happiness She feels when She realizes the sweetness of His love, the Supreme Lord Hari, richly endowed with Her emotions, appeared from the womb of Srimati Saci-devi, as the mood appeared from the ocean.” (CC Adi 1.6)
And to give a sprinkle of unnataojjvala-rasa bhakti.
anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau
samarpayitum unnatojjvala-rasam sva-bhakti-sroyam
sada hrdaya-kandare sphuratu vah saci-nandanah
“May the Supreme Lord, who is known as the son of Srimati Saci-devi, be brilliantly situated in the innermost core of your hearts. Resplendent with the radiance of molten gold, He has appeared in the Age of Kali by His causeless mercy to bestow what no incarnation has ever offered before: the most sublime and radiant mellow of devotional service, manajri-bhava – sevice to Srimati Radhika as Her confidential maidservants.” (CC Adi 1.4)
But he did it all through harinama sankirtana. This nama sankirtana was so powerful; it was not like other Kali yugas that had passed. Only in one day of Brahma is when Sri Caitanya [comes]. He gives this prema through harinama sankirtana, because He is so merciful, He is so rasika.
Rasika sekhera krsna parama karuna ei dui
Because he is so rasika, he wanted to taste the rasa of how Srimati Radhika has love and affection for Krsna and how She is tasting Krsna, in separation and in meeting. He took that [mood]. So, He is more and more merciful than Radha and Krsna, because Their combined mercy is there. We hope that if we will take shelter of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He will give so much mercy to us, and that in a very short time we can realize all these things and make our life saphala, successful.
Srila Sanatana Gosvami is praying to Mahaprabhu:
jayati nija padabja kaisora caitanya rupad
Caitanya Mahaprabhu took the moods of Srimati Radhika and was weeping, lamenting, and rolling on the earth, crying, “O Krsna where are You? Where are You?” Tears were flowing like the Ganga and Yamuna. Sometimes He became gambhira on the coast of the sea and was like Kurma, a tortoise. Sometimes He had a very big shape, like a ghost. No one can imagine the mood of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. It has not been written in Srimad-Bhagavatam or anywhere about the mood of Srimati Radhika, when she was feeling so much separation when Krsna went to Mathura and Dvarka. This same mood was in Caitanya Mahaprabhu, always weeping and lamenting like so. All asta-sattvik vikara were in its fullest. Sometimes He used to be like a dead body. Sometimes wonderful moves were there. So, Sanatana Gosvami is praying to Caitanya Mahaprabhu, “You should come into my heart. Then I can really and fully give my thoughts of what I have realized in my samadhi, trance, and write.” Then he prayed Radhika’s pranama.
Jayati jayati vrindavana. Vrndavana is where Krsna has His flute, wears a peacock feather, stands in a three-fold form with a very beautiful face while smiling and playing on His flute. Sometimes with the corner of His crooked eyes, He sees towards Srimati Radhika, surrounded by lakhs and lakhs of cows and friends.
Barhapidam natavara vapu karnayoh karnikaram—having a very beautiful yellow flower here on the ear, and He is like a wild elephant, like young boys who are very beautiful and masta-maula—hard to control.
Devotee: There is no English for this.
Other devotees: Carefree, fearless, cavalier…
Like boys in India open their hairs here and there. Like that. Very beautiful. His cloth is effulgent like a thunderbolt. His face is like a new cloud just giving water now. Very beautiful! Lakhs and lakhs of cowherds are there, saying, “Kanai Kanai! Teri jaya ho!” Like this they are all playing. The gopis are looking from the corner or from the windows or groves and doing arati of Krsna with their loving eyes, and Krsna is accepting. When Krsna looked towards Srimati Radhika, His flute fell down. His pitambara fell down, he was trembling. At once He began to shake and starting to falling to the ground, but Madhumangala and the other boys immediately said, “What are you doing? Your father is here, your mother is here.” Then Krsna was [sober]. Krsna goes and dances with all the gopis. I do pranamas to that Vrndavana. Vrndavana is Himself Krsna.
Aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa tanayas tad dhama vrndavanam.
He is doing pranama to Vrndavana. What is Vrndavana. Krsna Himself. Krsna can never give up Vrndavana and He cannot play His flute in other places; in Mathura and Dvarka or anywhere. Never. Here is the son of Nanda Baba and Yasoda Maiya. Vrndavana was beautiful when Krsna took birth.
Jayati te dikam janmana vraja. When Krsna took birth from the womb of Yasoda, Vrndavana was so decorated, so beautiful and marvelous. Laksmi Herself, the wife of Narayana began to sweep here and there. She planted so many beautiful flowers. Yamuna was so much decorated with lotus flowers and bees humming everywhere. They were taking madhu from one flower and then another flower, becoming mad. Krsna is the same. He is taking madhu from all the gopis and becomes mad. So, I am doing pranama to this Vrndavana.
Jayati Vrndavana me tan murari. Krsna is always playing with all the gopis, cowherd gopas and cows in that very beautiful eternal land this. Then Sanatana Gosvami is giving Yamuna pranamas. Yamuna is not a river, but a current of prema madhura, gopi prema. Some kajal from the gopis’ eyes came out and she became like this. Or Krsna, always being in her eyes, made Yamuna become black. Yamuna water is not water. What is this? More than nectar. It is itself krsna-prema. If anyone remembers Yamuna or takes bath in Yamuna, he will be like that. You should not go there if you want to be happy with your father, mother, children and wife. If you are going to Yamuna, then anyhow don’t go to that Kesi ghat. But anyhow, if unluckily you reach there, [audience laughter], remember, you should not go to the temple of Govinda. You can do parikrama from outside, but don’t enter the temple. And if you will enter what will be? You will forget your wife, husband children and everyone and you will be mad and always chanting, “O Krsna, O Krsna, where is Krsna?” A street beggar you will be. So Santana Gosvami says, “I am doing pranama to that very Yamuna.” She is Vishaka, no one else. Vishaka has come in the shape of Yamuna to serve Radha-Krsna conjugal and all. She became Kalindi in Dvarka, a manifestation of this Vishaka or Yamuna that is there. Don’t call Yamuna mother. What [should we call her]? Yamuna devi or Yamuna maharani, meaning the wife of Krsna. Not a wife but a beloved of Krsna, a sakhi of Radhika. You can say mother only for Yasoda Maiya, or Rohini Maiya, not anyone else—not Yamuna, Tulasi, or Vrnda. Otherwise, they may be angry. Yamuna devi, Vrnda devi, Vrnda Maharani, like this.
Devotee: Gurudeva translation?
Gurudeva: Oh yes! I forgot. You should tell. They are all waiting.
He is doing pranama to Govardhana.
He is doing pranama to krsna-bhakti. Krsna-bhakti is not only a sentiment of the mind or heart or anything. She is also transcendental bhakti. Srimati Radhika. Actually, svarupa sakti has three moods that are of Radhika. Ananda. Samvit and Hladini mix together and the sum and substance of that is called suddha-sattva which is always in the associates of Krsna in Vrndavana. When it descends in any heart, then it is called bhakti. So, he is doing pranama [to this]. So, I will explain in the morning class tomorrow how he is praying to Govardhana and Namadeva.
Jayati jayati namananda murari
katham api mukti, jivanam bhusaname
I will explain tomorrow because the doctor told me not to speak so much. Otherwise, a problem may come. I wanted to explain so much in a day for two, three, or four hours, so excuse me. Wait till tomorrow and more and more sweet pastimes of Krsna and all of this will come which will add to your bhakti. Bhakti is not an exercise of the mind, body or of the tongue. If bhakti itself will come mercifully in the heart, then we can realize it, otherwise not. She will see, “Oh now he is qualified for bhakti.” Then she will appear on our tongue, in our all senses and it will be like tadatma, then we will realize, otherwise we cannot realize bhakti. We are doing pranama at the lotus feet of Sanatana Gosvami. He has mercifully given this book to preach and to hear from, and thus giving his mercy to all.